Improving Recovery in Postoperative Rehab Patients

Nursing Fundamentals: Postoperative rehab

Several types of risks can occur after surgery depending on the type of surgery, and thus the healing process during this time is critical to ensure that the patient does not undergo a similar procedure and to reduce pain and emotional distress

Post-operative rehabilitation patients are people who have had a surgical treatment and have been put under physical therapy to ensure a quick and effective recovery process. It is also done to guarantee that the surgery patient regains mobility and participates actively in the healing process. Depending on the type of surgery, several sorts of hazards might occur after surgery; hence, the healing process at this period is crucial to ensure that the patient does not undergo a similar procedure and to prevent pain and emotional suffering (Oosterhuis et al., 2014). Among the dangers associated with surgery are shock, bleeding, wound infection, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and pulmonary embolism.

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Shock is a dramatic reduction in blood pressure that causes a severe loss in blood flow throughout the body. Shock can be caused by a variety of factors, including brain injury and blood loss. A hemorrhage is profuse bleeding from the site of surgery that can occasionally result in shock. Deep vein thrombosis is a common complication that develops after surgery when a blood clot forms in a big vein in any part of the body. If bacteria gain access to the surgical site, it can grow into a wound. Such wound infections cause a delay in healing and can spread to and harm other body organs (Scaffidi et al., 2012).

In the unit, post-operative rehabilitation was evaluated in terms of its definition, kinds, effectiveness in improving patient outcomes, and potential dangers after surgery. Post-operative rehabilitation can help the recovery of post-surgery patients by ensuring that the treatment is performed correctly. Post-operative rehabilitation is accomplished in stages. The first stage is the inflammation that occurs soon after surgery, during which the body begins the healing process. During this period, the body is frequently immobilized, and pain or swelling produced by the surgical process are reduced (Saka, 2014).

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The proliferation stage is the second stage of increasing healing through post-operative therapy. During this phase, the patient and the therapist work together to create a work plan that includes exercises to begin strengthening the body, restore the patient’s range of motion, and restore solidity and motor control. The final stage is remodeling, during which the patient is able to resume his or her pre-surgery active life. This is the final stage of post-operative rehabilitation in which load tolerance is gradually restored while being mindful of each patient’s level of physical activity (Saka, 2014)

Several studies have been conducted to evaluate the efficiency of post-operative rehabilitation in patients undergoing various surgical procedures. De Groef et al. (2015) discovered that postoperative physical therapy was successful in post-surgery patients with breast cancer treatment. The treatment plan was shared with the workers and management, as well as evidence of its effectiveness. Some of the professionals who had performed the process on various surgery patients agreed on the efficacy of postoperative rehabilitation for surgery patients. However, several of the patients suffered complications such as bleeding, wound infection, and DVT, according to some of the personnel. Overall, the staff and management advocated for the use of postoperative rehabilitation among surgical patients in order to promote healing and health outcomes.

Therapeutic assessment

References
De Groef, A., Van Kampen, M., Dieltjens, E., Christiaens, M. R., Neven, P., Geraerts, I., &
Devoogdt, N. (2015). Effectiveness of postoperative physical therapy for upper-limb
impairments after breast cancer treatment: a systematic review. Archives of physical
medicine and rehabilitation, 96(6), 1140-1153.
Oosterhuis, T., Costa, L. O., Maher, C. G., de Vet, H. C., van Tulder, M. W., & Ostelo, R. W.
(2014). Rehabilitation after lumbar disc surgery. Cochrane Database of Systematic
Reviews, (3).
Saka, T. (2014). Principles of postoperative anterior cruciate ligament rehabilitation. World
journal of orthopedics, 5(4), 450.
Scaffidi, M., Vulpiani, M. C., Vetrano, M., Conforti, F., Marchetti, M. R., Bonifacino, A., … &
Ferretti, A. (2012). Early rehabilitation reduces the onset of complications in the upper
limb following breast cancer surgery. European journal of physical and rehabilitation
medicine, 48(4), 601-611.