Introduction To The Literature Review

Week 4 Assignment Instructions

Tutor MUST have a good command of the English language

Please read all the instructions and requirements

Sources need to be less than five years old and journal/scholarly articles.

No textbook or direct quotes

All the Rubric requirements listed MUST be met.

***I have attached the DPI Project Milestone: 10 Strategic Points for the Prospectus, Proposal, and Direct Practice Improvement Project Assignment with the instructor’s corrections/comments. This needs to be revised as well meeting the instructor’s expectations.

Details:

 

Empirical research is the foundation of scholarly research and scholarly writing. An empirical article is defined as one that reports actual results of a research study. An empirical article includes a description of the study, an introduction, a research question, an explanation of the study’s methodology, a presentation of the results of the study, and a conclusion that discusses the results and suggests topics for further study.

As you search the library for scholarly research, you should limit your search to identify empirical articles. (You can use the “Empirical Research Checklist” from DNP-801 to assist in this determination.) After finding an empirical study, begin to assess the validity of the conclusion by determining if the conclusion answers the proposed research question and if the methodology is appropriate.

As you move forward in your doctoral journey, you will read research papers that will require you to assess the validity of the studies in question. To accomplish this, qualitative assessments about the research must be made by comparing, contrasting, and synthesizing what the research says.

In this assignment, you will continue to develop the skill of writing, by reviewing 15 research articles associated with your chosen topic and using the content to identify at least five major concepts and subthemes related to your topic.

General Requirements:

Use the following information to ensure successful completion of this assignment:

Use the “Empirical Research Checklist” to assist in the determination of empirical articles.
Use the “Research Article Chart” to provide a summary review of each component of your assignment.
Doctoral learners are required to use APA style for their writing assignments. The APA Style Guide is located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.
Directions:

Part 1: Selection of 15 Articles

Select 15 empirical articles related to your PICOT question. Use the “Empirical Research Checklist” worksheet to ensure that each article you select meets all of the established criteria. At least one article must demonstrate a quantitative methodology.

Clinical/PICOT Question:

In Patients > 65 years of age with central line catheters, how does staff training of key personnel and reinforcement of central line catheter hub hygiene after its insertion, along with the apt cleansing of the insertion site, reduce the incidence of CLABSIs (Central Line Associated Blood-stream Infections) at a level two trauma facility compared to standard care over a one-month period?

P: Patients > 65 years of age with a central line

I: Staff training and reinforcement of central catheter, hub hygiene

C: Compared to standard care

O: Reduce the incidence of CLABSIs (Central Line Associated Blood-stream Infections)

T: A period of one-month

Part 2: Research Article Chart

Using the articles acquired in Part 1, provide a summary review of each component using the “Research Article Chart” template.

Part 3: Synthesis of Research Studies

Based upon your review of the 15 research articles, identify at least five major concepts that relate to your project topic, and three subthemes related to each concept.

Using the information from the completed “Research Article Chart,” and the major concepts and subthemes you have identified, write a 2,000-3,000 word paper that synthesizes the content of the 15 research studies.

Summarize each major concept and focus on providing a detailed synthesis of the three identified subthemes that support that concept by addressing the following.

Introduction of the identified subtheme
Summary of the research questions posed by the studies
Summary of the sample populations used
Summary of the limitations of the studies
Summary of the conclusion and recommendations for further research

cid:[email protected]

Empirical Research Checklist

Section

Defining Characteristic

Contained in Article

Not Contained in Article

Abstract

An abstract of the contents is provided.

Introduction

The purpose of the study is stated.

The scope of the study is stated.

A rationale for the study is provided.

The hypothesis or research question is stated.

Key concepts and terms are noted.

A review of the literature is provided.

Methods

A description of the population sample is provided.

The data collection procedure is presented.

Other procedures to be used are described.

Results

A narrative statement of the findings is given.

A description of the data collected is given.

Findings are supported by graphs and charts.

The analysis of the data is explained.

Conclusion

A summary of the study is provided.

Conclusions related to the hypothesis are stated.

Questions for future research are presented.

References

References used in the study are presented.

© 2014. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

Week 4 Assignment Instructions

Tutor MUST have a good command of the English language

Please read all the instructions and requirements

Sources need to be less than five years old and journal/scholarly articles.

No textbook or direct quotes

All the Rubric requirements listed MUST be met.

***I have attached the DPI Project Milestone: 10 Strategic Points for the Prospectus, Proposal, and Direct Practice Improvement Project Assignment with the instructor’s corrections/comments. This needs to be revised as well meeting the instructor’s expectations.

Details:

Empirical research is the foundation of scholarly research and scholarly writing. An empirical article is defined as one that reports actual results of a research study. An empirical article includes a description of the study, an introduction, a research question, an explanation of the study’s methodology, a presentation of the results of the study, and a conclusion that discusses the results and suggests topics for further study.

As you search the library for scholarly research, you should limit your search to identify empirical articles. (You can use the “Empirical Research Checklist” from DNP-801 to assist in this determination.) After finding an empirical study, begin to assess the validity of the conclusion by determining if the conclusion answers the proposed research question and if the methodology is appropriate.

As you move forward in your doctoral journey, you will read research papers that will require you to assess the validity of the studies in question. To accomplish this, qualitative assessments about the research must be made by comparing, contrasting, and synthesizing what the research says.

In this assignment, you will continue to develop the skill of writing, by reviewing 15 research articles associated with your chosen topic and using the content to identify at least five major concepts and subthemes related to your topic.

General Requirements:

Use the following information to ensure successful completion of this assignment:

· Use the “Empirical Research Checklist” to assist in the determination of empirical articles.

· Use the “Research Article Chart” to provide a summary review of each component of your assignment.

· Doctoral learners are required to use APA style for their writing assignments. The APA Style Guide is located in the Student Success Center.

· This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

· You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.

Directions:

Part 1: Selection of 15 Articles

Select 15 empirical articles related to your PICOT question. Use the “Empirical Research Checklist” worksheet to ensure that each article you select meets all of the established criteria. At least one article must demonstrate a quantitative methodology.

Clinical/PICOT Question:

In Patients > 65 years of age with central line catheters, how does staff training of key personnel and reinforcement of central line catheter hub hygiene after its insertion, along with the apt cleansing of the insertion site, reduce the incidence of CLABSIs (Central Line Associated Blood-stream Infections) at a level two trauma facility compared to standard care over a one-month period?

P: Patients > 65 years of age with a central line

I: Staff training and reinforcement of central catheter, hub hygiene

C: Compared to standard care

O: Reduce the incidence of CLABSIs (Central Line Associated Blood-stream Infections)

T: A period of one-month

Part 2: Research Article Chart

Using the articles acquired in Part 1, provide a summary review of each component using the “Research Article Chart” template.

Part 3: Synthesis of Research Studies

Based upon your review of the 15 research articles, identify at least five major concepts that relate to your project topic, and three subthemes related to each concept.

Using the information from the completed “Research Article Chart,” and the major concepts and subthemes you have identified, write a 2,000-3,000 word paper that synthesizes the content of the 15 research studies.

Summarize each major concept and focus on providing a detailed synthesis of the three identified subthemes that support that concept by addressing the following.

1. Introduction of the identified subtheme

2. Summary of the research questions posed by the studies

3. Summary of the sample populations used

4. Summary of the limitations of the studies

5. Summary of the conclusion and recommendations for further research

Apply Rubrics

Introduction to the Literature Review

 

1 Unsatisfactory 0.00%

2 Less Than Satisfactory 74.00%

3 Satisfactory 79.00%

4 Good 87.00%

5 Excellent 100.00%

70.0 %Content

 

10.0 %Introduction

An introduction is not present.

An introduction is present, but it does not relate to the body of the paper.

An introduction is present, and it relates to the body of the paper. There is nothing in the introduction to entice the reader to continue reading.

An introduction is present, and it relates to the body of the paper. Information presented in the introduction provides a weak incentive for the reader to continue reading.

An introduction is present, and it relates to the body of the paper. Information presented in the introduction is intriguing and encourages the reader to continue reading.

15.0 %Synthesis of Research Questions

No synthesis of research questions is presented.

A synthesis of research questions is presented. However, the synthesis is not valid.

A cursory though valid synthesis of research questions is presented.

A moderately thorough and valid synthesis of research questions is presented.

A reflective and insightful synthesis of research questions is presented.

15.0 %Synthesis of Sample Populations

No synthesis of sample populations is presented.

A synthesis of sample populations is presented. However, the synthesis is not valid.

A cursory though valid synthesis of sample populations is presented.

A moderately thorough and valid synthesis of sample populations is presented.

A reflective and insightful synthesis of sample populations is presented.

15.0 %Synthesis of the Limitations of the Study

No synthesis of the limitations of the studies is presented.

A synthesis of the limitations of the studies is presented. However, the synthesis is not valid.

A cursory though valid synthesis of the limitations of the studies is presented.

A moderately thorough and valid synthesis of the limitations of the studies is presented.

A reflective and insightful synthesis of the limitations of the studies is presented.

15.0 %Conclusion and Recommendations for Further Research

No conclusion and recommendations for further research are presented.

A conclusion and recommendations for further research are presented. However, they are not valid.

A cursory though valid conclusion and recommendations for further research are presented.

A moderately thorough and valid conclusion and recommendations for further research are presented.

A reflective and insightful conclusion and recommendations for further research are presented.

20.0 %Organization and Effectiveness

 

7.0 %Thesis Development and Purpose

Paper lacks any discernible overall purpose or organizing claim.

Thesis and/or main claim are insufficiently developed and/or vague; purpose is not clear.

Thesis and/or main claim are apparent and appropriate to purpose.

Thesis and/or main claim are clear and forecast the development of the paper. It is descriptive and reflective of the arguments and appropriate to the purpose.

Thesis and/or main claim are comprehensive. The essence of the paper is contained within the thesis. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear.

8.0 %Argument Logic and Construction

Statement of purpose is not justified by the conclusion. The conclusion does not support the claim made. Argument is incoherent and uses noncredible sources.

Sufficient justification of claims is lacking. Argument lacks consistent unity. There are obvious flaws in the logic. Some sources have questionable credibility.

Argument is orderly, but may have a few inconsistencies. The argument presents minimal justification of claims. Argument logically, but not thoroughly, supports the purpose. Sources used are credible. Introduction and conclusion bracket the thesis.

Argument shows logical progressions. Techniques of argumentation are evident. There is a smooth progression of claims from introduction to conclusion. Most sources are authoritative.

Clear and convincing argument that presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative.

5.0 %Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use)

Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice and/or sentence construction are used.

Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register), sentence structure, and/or word choice are present.

Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are used.

Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. A variety of sentence structures and effective figures of speech are used.

Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English.

10.0 %Format

 

5.0 %Paper Format (use of appropriate style for the major and assignment)

Template is not used appropriately or documentation format is rarely followed correctly.

Appropriate template is used, but some elements are missing or mistaken. A lack of control with formatting is apparent.

Appropriate template is used. Formatting is correct, although some minor errors may be present.

Appropriate template is fully used. There are virtually no errors in formatting style.

All format elements are correct.

5.0 %Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style)

Sources are not documented.

Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors.

Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present.

Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct.

Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.

100 %Total Weightage

cid:[email protected]

Research Article Chart

Criteria and Defining Characteristics

Article 1:

Article 2:

Article 3:

Abstract

After reading the abstract what do you expect to learn from the article?

Introduction: Summarize the following in paragraph form.

· What is the purpose of the study?

· What is the scope of the study?

· What is the rational for the study?

· What is the hypothesis or research question?

· What key concepts and terms are noted?

· Is a review of the literature provided?

Methods: Summarize the following in paragraph form.

· What is the population being sampled?

· What data collection procedure is presented?

· What other procedures are described?

Results: Summarize the following in paragraph form.

· What are the given findings?

· How was data collected?

· Are the findings supported by graphs and charts?

· What does the analysis of data state?

Conclusion: Summarize in paragraph form.

· What is the summary of the study?

· What is the conclusion of the hypothesis?

· What are the questions for future research?

References

· What are the total number of references used in the study?

· List two of the references used.

© 2014. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

 

Week 4 Apply Rubrics

Introduction to the Literature Review

 

1 Unsatisfactory 0.00%

2 Less Than Satisfactory 74.00%

3 Satisfactory 79.00%

4 Good 87.00%

5 Excellent 100.00%

70.0 %Content

 

10.0 %Introduction

An introduction is not present.

An introduction is present, but it does not relate to the body of the paper.

An introduction is present, and it relates to the body of the paper. There is nothing in the introduction to entice the reader to continue reading.

An introduction is present, and it relates to the body of the paper. Information presented in the introduction provides a weak incentive for the reader to continue reading.

An introduction is present, and it relates to the body of the paper. Information presented in the introduction is intriguing and encourages the reader to continue reading.

15.0 %Synthesis of Research Questions

No synthesis of research questions is presented.

A synthesis of research questions is presented. However, the synthesis is not valid.

A cursory though valid synthesis of research questions is presented.

A moderately thorough and valid synthesis of research questions is presented.

A reflective and insightful synthesis of research questions is presented.

15.0 %Synthesis of Sample Populations

No synthesis of sample populations is presented.

A synthesis of sample populations is presented. However, the synthesis is not valid.

A cursory though valid synthesis of sample populations is presented.

A moderately thorough and valid synthesis of sample populations is presented.

A reflective and insightful synthesis of sample populations is presented.

15.0 %Synthesis of the Limitations of the Study

No synthesis of the limitations of the studies is presented.

A synthesis of the limitations of the studies is presented. However, the synthesis is not valid.

A cursory though valid synthesis of the limitations of the studies is presented.

A moderately thorough and valid synthesis of the limitations of the studies is presented.

A reflective and insightful synthesis of the limitations of the studies is presented.

15.0 %Conclusion and Recommendations for Further Research

No conclusion and recommendations for further research are presented.

A conclusion and recommendations for further research are presented. However, they are not valid.

A cursory though valid conclusion and recommendations for further research are presented.

A moderately thorough and valid conclusion and recommendations for further research are presented.

A reflective and insightful conclusion and recommendations for further research are presented.

20.0 %Organization and Effectiveness

 

7.0 %Thesis Development and Purpose

Paper lacks any discernible overall purpose or organizing claim.

Thesis and/or main claim are insufficiently developed and/or vague; purpose is not clear.

Thesis and/or main claim are apparent and appropriate to purpose.

Thesis and/or main claim are clear and forecast the development of the paper. It is descriptive and reflective of the arguments and appropriate to the purpose.

Thesis and/or main claim are comprehensive. The essence of the paper is contained within the thesis. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear.

8.0 %Argument Logic and Construction

Statement of purpose is not justified by the conclusion. The conclusion does not support the claim made. Argument is incoherent and uses noncredible sources.

Sufficient justification of claims is lacking. Argument lacks consistent unity. There are obvious flaws in the logic. Some sources have questionable credibility.

Argument is orderly, but may have a few inconsistencies. The argument presents minimal justification of claims. Argument logically, but not thoroughly, supports the purpose. Sources used are credible. Introduction and conclusion bracket the thesis.

Argument shows logical progressions. Techniques of argumentation are evident. There is a smooth progression of claims from introduction to conclusion. Most sources are authoritative.

Clear and convincing argument that presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative.

5.0 %Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use)

Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice and/or sentence construction are used.

Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register), sentence structure, and/or word choice are present.

Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are used.

Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. A variety of sentence structures and effective figures of speech are used.

Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English.

10.0 %Format

 

5.0 %Paper Format (use of appropriate style for the major and assignment)

Template is not used appropriately or documentation format is rarely followed correctly.

Appropriate template is used, but some elements are missing or mistaken. A lack of control with formatting is apparent.

Appropriate template is used. Formatting is correct, although some minor errors may be present.

Appropriate template is fully used. There are virtually no errors in formatting style.

All format elements are correct.

5.0 %Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style)

Sources are not documented.

Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors.

Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present.

Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct.

Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.

100 %Total Weightage

construct 10 medical terms that would reasonably be involved in a complaint dealing with the muscles and/or bones