How to formulate the Perfect PICOT Question
In the field of nursing and clinical medicine, a student will likely come across or be asked to come up with PICOT questions. So, a nursing student should learn about this. However, most students have a lot of problems with this. Because of this, they look for a homework help service to help them with this task.
Even though there are a lot of online services that can do your homework for you, students still can’t find good homework help on how to write and answer PICOT questions. Most students wonder, “What is a Picot question, and why does it matter?”
What does Picot mean in Nursing?
Most people also want to know what a Picot question is in nursing and how to write one. As you can see, a PICOT nursing question refers to a specific formula that has been found to help nursing students answer questions that are both comprehensive and easy to research. Because most students don’t take the time to figure out what a Picot question is all about, they often have a hard time answering the research questions. So, if you want to do excellent nursing research, you first need to come up with the best Picot research questions.
It will be much easier to answer Picot questions if you come up with good ones. They will also help you get the medical evidence you need even faster. When we know what a Picot question is, we can move on to the next part of this “formula,” which PICOT stands for. An abbreviation called PICOT tells us what Picot stands for in evidence-based practice. It means:
P: People or the patient
It could be the gender, age, ethnicity, or people who have a specific condition or disorder.
I: The intervention or the sign (Variable of Interest)
It stands for risky behavior, the chance of getting an infection, or a factor that can predict how well you will do.
C: The comparison or control
It refers to someone who doesn’t have the disease in question or doesn’t have a risk factor for the disease. B is a predictor factor.
In this case, we’re talking about what happened. It could be the risk of getting the infection or condition or how accurate a doctor was with their diagnosis.
T: It’s time
It is how long the participants have been watched or how long it has taken to get the result.
Different types of PICOT Nursing questions
There are five types of Picot questions, and each one has a different answer. They also have:
1. Intervention or the question of interest
These kinds of questions are designed to help you figure out which treatment will work best for you. They can be asked in the following way:
How does hourly rounding (I) compare to rounding every 6 hours (C) in a group of men who are very likely to fall?
It is one of the best examples of a PICOT nursing question for when someone falls.
- The Prediction or the Prognosis
Using these questions, you can figure out what might happen to someone with a particular condition or during a certain amount of time. An example of a PICOT question is as follows:
What will happen to the healthy food consumption trend (O) if a family of six has a history of heart disease (P)?
- Diagnosis or a Test for Diagnosis
These questions aren’t the same as how to help or how well things will go. They were made to help people determine which test is more reliable and accurate for diagnosing a specific disease. Is the A1C (I) or the fasting plasma glucose (C) more accurate when it comes to diagnosing type 2 diabetes (O) in people who are thought to have it?
- The cause/ Etiology
These questions are used to determine the leading causes or risk factors for a specific disease or condition. One example of a problem that looks at the etiology part is shown below: Are kids with sedentary lifestyles (I) more likely to become obese (O) over the next eight months (T) than kids who don’t have sedentary lifestyles (C)?
These questions help the researcher or investigator learn more about how important experience is to either one person, a group, or a larger community. People who have been diagnosed with high blood pressure (I) might be asked how they think they can function (O) when they are in a situation that makes them feel stressed (T). One example is shown.
Some examples of PICOT Nursing Question ideas?
If your instructor or professor asked you to develop PICO nursing question examples for the emergency nursing field or in another situation, you could come up with them. No, I don’t know how to do that. Instead, I’d buy nursing essays online that were safe and quick instead. A list of some nursing Picot question ideas might help you think of how to ask them.
Pico Question 1:
Is there a better chance of continuity of care when the nurse is a primary member of the multidisciplinary team? If she is only there to provide pre-and post-operative care and doesn’t have special training, there won’t be much continuity of care.
Population: The bariatric adolescents planning to have gastric bypass surgery are the population here.
Intervention: This part will discuss what the nurse can do for the bariatric teen’s perioperative care and how important she is to the whole team.
Comparison: It’s important to note that the nurse is a second member of the multidisciplinary team, but she doesn’t have any special training. She is only involved in taking care of the teen’s bariatric adolescent before and after surgery.
Outcome: When the nurse is one of the principal members of the multidisciplinary team, the bariatric adolescent patient gets better continuity of care,
Time: perioperative time, and the six weeks after recovery.
PICOT Question 2
In patients in the hospital, does turning the patient in contrast to weight bedding reduce the risk of weight ulcers faster in the first four months?
Population: patients who have been admitted
Intervention: turning the patient around.
Control: the weight of the bedding you choose
Outcome: The goal is to reduce the risk of weight ulcers.
Time: Four months
PICOT Question 3
Is it more effective for ventilated patients to have their head-of-bed height set to 45 degrees than to have it set to 20 degrees?
Population: Ventilated patients make up the group.
Intervention: the head of the bed was raised to 45 degrees.
Control: At 20 degrees
Outcome: the number of people who get ventilated-related pneumonia will go down.
Time: Eight months
PICOT Question 4
Is the Wong-Baker Pain Faces Rating Scale more accurate than the Child Medical Fear Scale when determining how much pain a child is going through in 6 months?
Population: Hospitalized children make up this group.
Intervention: In this case, the Wong-Baker Pain FACES Rating Scale will be used to help.
Outcome: The child’s dimension of pain
Time: Six months
PICOT Question 5
If a person is 65 or older and hasn’t gotten the flu vaccine, how does that make them more likely to get sick?
Population: people who are 65 and older
Intervention: The vaccine for influenza
Control: people who haven’t been vaccinated who are 65 years old or older
Outcome: I will get pneumonia
Time: the flu season
PICOT Question 6
People who had a total hip replacement and got an infection afterward have a different recovery time than people who didn’t get it in the first six weeks of healing.
Population: patients who have had a total hip replacement
Intervention: the growth of a post-operative infection
Total hip replacement patients are the control group.
Outcome: the length of recovery
Time: The first six weeks of recovery
All of these PICOT nursing questions are about different things. One of the things that students often have a hard time with when they write PICOT questions is how to avoid ulcers. As a way to help you write the best PICOT questions about preventing ulcers, here is a PICOT question:
How does enzymatic debridement of non-viable tissue during the first year compare to sharp debridement on the healing rate of pressure ulcers?
Intervention: Enzymatic debridement of non-viable tissue.
Control: Sharp debridement
Outcome: the rate at which pressure ulcers heal.
Time: One year
An example of a PICO Nursing question
Would using an evidence-based checklist help stop the development of pressure ulcers in adult patients in Med-Surg?
Intervention: Treatment for pressure ulcers
Control: Traditional management
Outcome: There will be less pressure ulcer development or progress.
Example of a PICOT question
It is how your statement should look when you are asked to come up with a PICOT question in the nutrition field:
Do low glycemic index foods cut calories and help people lose weight in adults who eat them for 13 months?
Intervention: Taking Low glycemic index foods.
Control: There is no way to compare.
Outcome: A reduction in energy intake and a boost to weight loss
Time: 13 months
How effective is acupuncture at improving mobility in older men who have had a stroke in the next two years?
Patients: older men who have had strokes
Control: Stroke therapy
Outcome: better mobility for older men who have had a stroke.
Time: Two years
How to write a PICOT Nursing Question
In the same way, coming up with a PICOT question is the same as writing down the PICOT statements. As we said earlier, a student must write a question that includes the patient, the intervention, the control, the outcome, and the time frame. Following the PICOT nursing question, one can do a literature search to help answer the question. Because this is a nursing PICOT question, you can only use sources from the nursing field when you respond.
When looking for this kind of literature, it’s essential to first look at what’s available on the subject in question. For example, if your PICOT question is about cardiovascular health, you need to look for the most up-to-date sources on cardiovascular health to get the best answer; how old the sources are, but you also need to check how trustworthy the information is. Some sources may give you wrong information, making your work less credible. So, only use reliable sources. You can find the best answers to these kinds of questions in books and journals and on health websites and nursing articles in books.
PICO Question or Picot question
A PICO nursing question and a PICOT question are both the same thing. However, the only difference is that it doesn’t have a time element. Other than that, it has the patient or group, the intervention, the control, and the outcome. It also has these things. When students are asked to write a PICO question, they often forget about some of the things that make a good one. Because they didn’t do well at the task, they wonder, “What are good PICO questions? How do you make them??”
Well, that’s pretty simple. Step one is to figure out the question you want to answer. As an example, think about the question, “Is cardiopulmonary resuscitation good?.”
The general question gives you a good idea of writing your PICOT question. After coming up with the general question, now look at the different parts of a PICO nursing question. They look like this:
P – This is the patient or group of people of interest. In our case, we haven’t named the person who is getting cardiopulmonary resuscitation. So, try to think of all the people you could reach with this question. For example, you could choose to target children between the ages of 5 and 10. You could also choose to target people in the hospital, asthmatic people, or people who have diabetes.
I – This stands for the help. Our question doesn’t help, so we have to add one. For example, we can choose a “hands-only” intervention.
In this case, it’s C. The control must be included in your PICO nursing question if you want to find a way to compare the two. It would be best to look for another way to do things than the hands-on method. In our case, we can use the hands and breathing technique to control ourselves.
O – This is what happened. Ask yourself: What does it mean for cardiopulmonary resuscitation to work?
In our case, we can use mortality because it is easy to figure out how many people die.
Following these steps, we now have a PICO question that is all the way through. As you can see, our PICO question would look like this.
How does hands-only resuscitation compare to hands and breathing cardiopulmonary resuscitation for adults living in a community when lowering death rates?
P – people who live in groups
I – used only my hands to do cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
C stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation with hands and breaths.
O – mortality.
What are the Different Types of PICO Question?
In the PICO questions, there is a wide range of types. They also have:
Those questions determine what kind of therapy or intervention is best for a person.
People who study etiology ask questions that can help them figure out what causes a condition or what makes it more likely.
The questions help you determine which tests are the most accurate and precise for a given situation.
The questions that help you figure out what happened after a particular treatment.
The following are some PICO questions and a list of pediatric PICO nursing questions:
- People with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Is drinking turmeric tea more effective than taking Plaquenil at reducing joint pain in people over the age of 18?
- Patients: who have Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Intervention: Turmeric tea.
- Control: Plaquenil
- Outcome: less pain in the joints
- Is a D-dimer assay better than ultrasound at determining whether or not you have deep vein thrombosis?
- Population: adults
- Intervention: The d-dimer assay
- Control: Ultrasound
- Outcome: more accurate diagnosis of DVT
- Is a single dose of intramuscular dexamethasone as effective as five days of oral prednisolone for young children who have an asthma attack?
- Patient: A young child with an asthma attack
- Intervention: a single dose of intramuscular dexamethasone
- Control: Oral prednisolone for five days.
- Outcome: The end of asthma symptoms.
- PICO There are drugs that slow bone growth, such as prednisone, used in the body. Inhaled steroids or corticosteroids are often given to children with asthma who have had it for a long time. Is there anything these drugs can do for growth before you’re old enough?
- Population: People with asthma who are in their early teens:
- Intervention: Inhaled corticosteroids
- Control: Treatment without corticosteroids
- Outcome: growth at a predicted rate
- Will inhaled corticosteroids slow down the average growth in young people with asthma compared to treatment without corticosteroids?
- The patients: young people with asthma
- Intervention: Inhaled corticosteroids
- Control: Treatment without corticosteroids
- Outcome: the average growth rate is slowed down.
- PICO When it comes to diagnosing an acute myocardial infarction in middle-aged men who have had a suspected heart attack, are serial 12-lead ECGs better than one initial 12-lead ECG?
- A patient: a middle-aged man who has a suspected myocardial infarction
- Intervention: Serial 12-lead ECGs are the treatment
- Control: A 12-lead ECG
- Outcome: An acute myocardial infarction
Answering a PICO Nursing question
If it is hard to come up with a PICO question, it’s even more challenging to come up with an answer. Pupils get caught up in the habit of always giving general or vague answers to questions. So, in this case, you will see them leave out essential parts of their responses. Here is what you need to do to answer a PICO nursing question correctly.
Step 1: Read the problem to get a better idea of what’s going on, then move on to Even before you start writing your answer to your question, make sure you break down the issue into its parts. Break down the problem and figure out who the patient or group of people is, what they’re going to do, and what the outcome will be. In some cases, control may not be there. There is no way to compare the intervention to control, so if you aren’t careful, you might say that the intervention is better than the control.
You need to get the research materials you need to find out about clinical information. Sometimes, students can’t answer these questions because they don’t know what sources they need to use to get or make empirical evidence. Because of this, they use sources that aren’t very accurate or give out wrong information.
Take some time to do some research. Most students mistake rushing through the PICO questions, especially when answering them quickly. Because students often do their assignments at the last minute, you can misunderstand what the question is about, leading to you giving irrelevant, vague, and general answers. It is always essential for a student to plan when they will research for writing an assignment.
The fourth step
ask for help if you don’t write your answers. Some students might look at a question and figure out what it wants from them. Because of this, it can be hard for them to figure out how to write their answer. They may start with weak or general points that make it hard for the reader to follow. As a result, they don’t explain the main point. To answer PICO nursing questions, students need to give detailed and well-organized answers. So, if you don’t know how to do this, ask your teacher or a friend.
Cite in the right way and in the correct format. T means that you need to do both. One of the most challenging parts of being a student is citing. Most students have used the wrong citations, plagiarized, and mixed-up formats. We all know that any mistake in citing can not only make your work look like it has been done before, but it can also make your work less good. So, when you answer the questions, make sure you take your time and check how to cite different sources. Similarly, you need to know the difference between quoting and paraphrasing to avoid plagiarism in your work.
The PICO or PICOT questions are straightforward to make, and it doesn’t take long to make either one. This accurate step-by-step guide will show you how to create and answer them.
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