Initial Post Instructions
This week you will read about architecture. The lesson includes information on Roman architecture, which was greatly influenced by the Greeks and Etruscans.
Locate at least two architectural works that were influenced by Greco-Roman architecture. These can be from any time period after the Greco-Roman period but should be from different periods themselves (e.g., one from Renaissance and one from Baroque). Then address the following:
What is the function of each structure?
How does each work exhibit influence of the Greco-Roman period? Is the influence specifically Greek, Etruscan, or Roman – or a combination?
How would you compare the two selected works? Take the role of the evaluative critic.
Use examples from the text, the lesson, and the library to help support your answer. Please remember to provide images and citations to help illustrate your points.
Follow-Up Post Instructions
Respond to at least one peer. Further the dialogue by providing more information and clarification.
YesterdayMay 16 at 4:59pmManage Discussion Entry
This week we are reading about architecture. This is vastly different from other forms of art that we have learned about thus far. Our book describes how architects have a special and respected relationship in respects to space and function of that space. Some of the most unique and well known buildings have been created with this foundation in architecture in mind. As stated in our book, “Architecture generally creates a strengthened hierarchy in the positioned interrelationships of earth and sky and what is in between” (Jacobus & Martin, 2018). The influences of Greco-Roman architecture are seen throughout the creation of buildings all over the world. These structures are renowned for their magnificence, huge columns, and iconic beauty. This style is also known for its symmetry, archways, vaults, and domes. These structures are constructed using marble, limestone, and concrete.
St. Peter’s Square was built from 1656-1667 in the Vatican City, during the Renaissance time period. Designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, it functions as a gathering place for the public upwards of 300,000 to see the Pope give his blessings. It is named after Saint Peter, an apostle of Jesus and exhibits symmetry throughout its construction. This structure exhibits the Greco-Roman period by its design. For example, there is a trapezoidal entrance as one enters the elliptical viewing area. Looking straight into the open area, one can see straight to the Papal Basilica of Saint Peter, known to be the headquarters of the Catholic church. There is an Egyptian obelisk (a tall, four-sided narrow tapering monument that ends in a pyramid-like shape on top) located in the center of the viewing area. Matching curved colonnades (long sequences of columns) flank each side of the obelisk with 284 columns, 88 pilasters, and 140 statues of saints (Civitatis Tours SL., n.d.). In addition, there are two fountains on each side of the obelisk contribute to St. Peter’s square beauty and relaxing atmosphere after being constructed from 1667 to 1677 (Città Del Vaticano, n.d.). The construction of St. Peter’s square embodies both Greek and Roman Architecture during the Renaissance era.
St. Peter’s Square Google Maps View of St. Peter’s Square Area
The Low Memorial Library located on the Columbia University campus in New York City is another example influenced by Greco-Roman architecture. This structure was the first major building of Columbia University’s new campus built in 1895 – 1897 in the Late Modern Period. It is located in New York City’s Morningside Heights neighborhood. “Modeled after the Pantheon in Rome, Low (Memorial) Library was conceived as the visual and academic focal point of the campus plan” (National Park Service, n.d.). There are several flights of steps with two landings that lead to the entrance of the building. Its entrance faces the campus courtyard with several columns and a rising, central dome. There are balconies along the base of the dome, with the north balcony featuring four statues of Euripides, Demosthenes, Sophocles and Augustus Caesar. The two massive columns of green marble at the entrance lead to the octagonal reading room. This interior space is surrounded by sixteen columns of green granite from Vermont (University Archives, 2020). This structure embodies both Greek and Roman architecture.
Low Memorial Library:
Low Memorial Library.jpg
Pantheon in Rome Italy:
Taking the role of the evaluative critic and the three parts to being that, the insight to St. Peter’s Square is that this structure is a vast outdoor space where individuals can witness the pope give his blessing. This background knowledge allows for understanding of the intent behind this structure. In my opinion, this structure is a work of perfection as the beautiful symmetry of the oval shape with its colonnades comes together to form an open area for people to gather. This structure is the ideal definition of inexhaustibility as it has infinite beauty and meaning behind each form and shape. St. Peter’s Square can be intimidating, beautiful, mysterious among so many other personal interpretations. The Low Memorial Library has great insight behind it’s design. Modeled after the Pantheon in Rome, this structure was built to be a library and has since become partly occupied with administrative offices. The massive columns in the front of the library give an onlooker the impression as if they are about to enter a great building, with thousands of books on display. This structure embodies perfection and inexhaustibility shows in what appears to be an endless flight of stairs approaching the library doors.
Città Del Vaticano. (n.d.). St. Peter’s Square Fountains. Retrieved May 16, 2021, from https://vatican.com/St-Peters-Square-Fountains/
Civitatis Tours SL. (n.d.). St. Peter’s Square – Vatican City. Civitatis Rome. Retrieved May 16, 2021, from https://www.rome.net/st-peters-square#:%7E:text=The%20most%20impressive%20part%20of,by%20the%20disciples%20of%20Bernini.
Jacobus, L., & Martin, D. F. (2018). Humanities through the Arts (10th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.
National Park Service. (n.d.). Low Memorial Library, Columbia University, New York. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved May 16, 2021, from https://www.nps.gov/places/low-memorial-library.htm
University Archives. (2020, April 20). Low and Gould Memorial Libraries: Contemporaries and Counterparts – News from Columbia’s Rare Book & Manuscript Library. News from Columbia’s Rare Book & Manuscript Library. https://blogs.cul.columbia.edu/rbml/2020/04/20/low-and-gould-memorial-libraries/
Reply Reply to Comment
Why Choose Us
College Research Papers
We offer professionally written research papers to our clients. We ensure all instructions are followed and that your custom paper is perfect. For a custom research paper, we have expert writers to help you. They will write your paper and earn you good grades
Professional Academic Writers
Are you looking for professional essay writers? Do you need custom paper writers to do your assignment? College essays online is packed with experienced writers who will handle your write my essay request. Order today to get quality services
Free Unlimited Revisions
Do you feel like your paper did not meet the requirements? Is there some instructions that have been skipped? Do not panic. Resubmit your essay for free and unlimited revisions. College essays online work to ensure our clients are satisfied.
Do you have an urgent essay and you don't know what to do? Do you have very little to do your assignments. Visit our online essay writing service for assistance. We have professional essay writers who will take your urgent paper. We have the best turn-around timein the market
If you are looking for a place to find original and plagiarism-free papers, visit collegessaysonline.com. We write your essay from scratch following your instructions. We ensure that every requirement is met, be it quality, delivery time, instructions etc.
24/7 Customer Support
If you have any concern or request, contact us anytime. We have a large team of customer support that are available 24/7. If it's a revision, send the revision file and any additional instructions and we will take care. Do not hesitate, Place an order with us today!
Are you looking for help with an argumentative essay? Do you have difficulties writing an argumentative essay? College essays online is here to help you. We will write a custom essay that meets your requirements. Do not feel overwhelmed, visit our cheap college essay website for professional academic writing help.
Do you need help with a reflection paper? Are you feeling challenged when writing a reflective essay? Are you looking for someone to write my reflection essay help? College essay writers have the answer to your problems. Submit your reflective paper assignment and let our paper writers do the difficult work.
If you are looking for someone to write an award winning scholarship essay, you landed at the right place. Our custom essay writers are professionals and have a 10 year experience. We will write a scholarship paper that will impress the scholarship committee. Hurry to get 25% discount.
Are you looking for a critical analysis essay help? Do you need an online essay writing service to write your critical thinking essay? Visit our college essay website for help. We have professional essay writers who will develop a perfect critical essay for you.
Ethics is a prominent subject in many schools. Professors often ask students to reflect on a topic on ethics and write an essay. This requires a lot of research and knowledge. If you have been assigned an ethical research essay, contact essay writers at college essays online for assistance.
A narrative essay requires a student to tell a story about something. It might be historical or a present narration. This type of essay follows certain rules and instructions. When you face challenges writing a narrative paper, visit our narrative essay writing service.